Bone grafting is bone formation to increase the thickness or height of the bone that would bear the implant. While these procedures use the natural bone (from the patient’s own bone), bone meals that are particularly produced for this purpose may be used as well.
Bone grafting is performed to augment the thickness and height of the bone, where there is an insufficiency in the bone tissue. Sometimes it is used to regulate bone defects and deficiencies that do not allow a total prosthesis (palate) to be used in case of complete toothlessness.
Finally, it may be used for repairing the damage (gap), deriving from a cyst or tumor surgery.
3D Dental Volumetric Tomography shall be used rather than a panoramic dental x-ray to avoid any mistakes for the evaluation of the shape, thickness, height, and quality of the bone, where the implant will be placed.
Because 3D volumetric tomography displays all the details of bone and soft tissues and the quality of treatment can be improved.
Bone grafting is performed in 3 different ways:
- Artificial Bone grafting
- Natural bone grafting
- Bone transplantation (Autogenic transplantation)
The third is different from the first two since it is transferred from another part of the patient (such as the jaw, retromolar region, hip, leg) to the part needed.
After autogenic bone grafting, it is necessary to show the same sensitivity both in the recipient site (the region where the bone is removed) and in the region to which it is transferred (the region where the bone is added).